The original party was founded in 1930. In 1949 the party was absorbed into a People’s Independent Front, led by the communist Hungarian Working People's Party. The latter prevailed in elections held that year, marking the onset of undisguised Communist rule in Hungary. The Smallholders party was dissolved later in 1949, and István Dobi and several other left-wing Smallholders joined the Hungarian Communist Party.
Another Smallholder, the openly pro-Communist Dobi, became premier in December 1948, and pushed out the remaining elements of the party who were not willing to do the Communists' bidding. The Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Hungarian: Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt), known mostly by its acronym FKgP or its shortened form Independent Smallholders' Party (Hungarian: Független Kisgazdapárt), is a political party in Hungary. Since 2002 parliamentary elections, the party has won no seats.